The name Oaxaca is derived from the Nahuatl name for the state, Huaxyacac, which was Hispanicized to Guajaca, later spelled Oaxaca. "de Juárez" was added in honor of Benito Juárez, who was a native of this state.
The City of Oaxaca is rich with historic plazas and churches dating back to the 16th century.
Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site located on a low mountainous range rising above a plain in the central Valley of Oaxaca, 6 miles west of the city of Oaxaca.
Yagúl is an archaeological site and former city-state associated with the Zapotec civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica near Oaxaca.